Local historical navigation

The small settlement of dense spruce forests Skhidnytsia came about as old-timers recall in IX – XIII century. It was a little shacks around the river, the owners of which were engaged in farming, feeding cattle and horses. A village was not passable paths laid out – with the density of forests. Even the population of mountain regions, as they went on to Drohobych salt in Skhidnytsia not go. And the most shidnychany get to Borislav through dense forests, was dangerous, since the forests were many animals. Sometimes through the dense forest that ran through Buhiv, hacked proezzhuju Fira way to travel with horses. It has been a great competition because it was already kind of open trade route. He could smuggle salt, iron, grains, dairy products, wood and other products. Lime is not imported, houses smeared with clay and later found in the lower end of the white stone that perepalyuvaly lime originally on fire, and then the charcoal. Lime was very good, bilesenke, until recently a blacksmith furnaces perepalyuvaly this white stone into lime. Subsequently, this area was called a furnace. As you know, life shidnychan bourgeois Poland was mentioned by local discrimination humanity all its aspects. In that period of time Skhidnytske – Uritsk oil field wells from which the oil was extracted, were many. They called them names well, most women because it was believed that women bring good luck. And so, to this day the names remained. Shevchenko in the street, near the source number 2 – C is “Marilya.” This title is a little tragic origin. A Polish gentleman, who reigned at the time, had a daughter, whose name was raved. Once, while walking, the girl did not see the “cistern with oil” and drowned. From the moment this area is called “Marilya” in honor of the daughter of a Polish gentleman who reigned in Skhodnitsa. In the period when the Poles dominated Skhidnytsya and everything was theirs, some mountain areas were called “Calvary,” “Kychera.” Until now these names remained. Here, for example, “Kychera” in the area called Skhidnytsya in the streets: Dovbusha Zarechnoye and Shevchenko. Because they all are on the increase, on the mountain and it distinguishes them from those living in the lowlands. In ancient times, the current street industries called “Tomina Yar”. There lived two brothers Tom and Yas, hence came the first inhabitants names Skhidnytsya – Tomina and Yatsiv. The area where the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas built Hunger father George called “Kostil”, “Church”. Because, for there was Poles, Polish church built where all went to pray. And also it was very important that it was built on the hill, because the Poles have always wanted to attractions can be seen from anywhere – corner of the village. While shidnychan amazing Princess Lubomirski. No one knew where it came, but know that it comes from a wealthy family. And she was a wonderful person, tied a friendship with local women, helping them to what could, taught them, treated them for that loved and respected her, and called her Mrs. Princess. Once Princess Lyubomyrskaya community gathered peasants and proclaimed: “Listen, good people, I see that you have cattle. I give you in the top end of the village called “Turks” in your property for free grazing. All the farmers have equal rights to grazing, to avoid strife. “The villagers called this land” combined work “, as it is called today.   So just somehow happened that, as they were called, village Skhidnytsia divided into a two parts: the lower part called Pasichky and top – Vishny end. At the bottom, Pasichkah, lived mostly Jews themselves were placed outlets, as they were called – crypts. However, in the middle of the village cooperative was one Ukrainian, one inn, a Polish shop, called “Polish Kulka.” And then there were six Pasichkah restaurants where mostly traded alcoholic beverages. In Pasichkah was always crowded and noisy, lots of people came from the surrounding villages to shop different products and sell their meat, chicken, eggs, milk. Many employed workers from the surrounding villages in Skhodnitsa on oil fields. The upper part of the village – Vishny end – engaged in agriculture, kept horses, cows, cultivated land, sowed rye, oats and barley. The village had more than 200 horses, many cows, pigs. Horses were taken to the forest, wood, worked the land, carried various materials and products and Borislav Drobycha.   Materials: Paraschak I.O “Skhidnytsya – my life. Memories” (part 2), 2008 “Skhidnytsia – spa capital of the Carpathians” Vyacheslav chronicler, Drohobych, 2009


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